Transport

The shorter version

There are already ample excellent ideas for specific changes to improve transport in our city, some designed by actual traffic engineers and urban designers and planners (none of which I have any actual expertise in), and I’m certainly not going to rehash the details for all of them.

I want to share what I think are some of our priorities, so I’ll try to keep things fairly simple:

  • I’m inspired by The Congestion Free Network.
  • I want to see more safe and pleasant walking & cycling, and public transport. More about cycling.
  • The next harbour crossing should be rail first and other options second (or not at all).
  • I supported the SkyPath campaign, even though it’s a tacked on solution and we’d be better off if our next harbour crossing is a bridge with rail and pedestrian access designed in from the start.
  • I support expanding the lower speed areas we’ve put in place on Queen St and Ponsonby Rd throughout the rest of Waitematā.
  • As our city continues to grow I think it’ll be helpful if we have light rail in town and around Waitematā. More about trams/light rail.
  • There should be rail to the airport. It should already exist. It’s embarrassing that it hasn’t already happened so we need to make it happen.

The longer version

For a long time now transport in Auckland has been treated as if it’s synonymous with cars, but they don’t actually go. Transport is about people getting where they’re going. For some trips that does mean you take a car, but when you want to get most of your population into a few concentrated parts of the city cars aren’t the best option. The best option, actually, is no single thing. The best option is to provide a lot of options.

Auckland was a public transport city before it was a car city, with over 100 million annual PT trips in the 1950s, thanks in no small part to our hugely popular tram network.

Many of us who live Waitematā also work here, and that closer proximity means we can freely choose how we get to and from work. Very few people in Waitematā are further than 45 minutes walk from the heart of the city, and it’s even quicker by bike, and if you’re within comfortable range of any of the Link bus routes you also benefit from probably the best bus service in Auckland – compared to the old spoke-style bus routes we used to have, it’s now hugely faster and more convenient to get from, say, Parnell to Ponsonby than it used to be.

But there’s a problem on the way for Waitematā, as our population increases, our bus patronage will also increase, and the projections for the number of buses we’ll need to have in the city to provide that service are really, on some streets – Symonds St for instance – will basically be stuffed full of with buses. This is far preferable to being full of cars, of course, because with buses we’ll be moving a lot more people.

But a lot of sensible people say, and I agree, that there’s a solution: light rail.

Of course we used to have a tram network (I wrote a bit about some of the history of trams in Auckland already), which was the old-fashioned form of modern light rail, and if we’d just kept that network, and gradually invested in and upgraded it over the years our city might have a very different shape today.

It’s quite expensive to build compared to having a bus sharing the same streets as cars do, but the per hour passenger throughput of light rail is really high compared to cars and buses, so it’ll mean we can keep our city moving even when we have a higher population than we have today. Not doing it will have a greater cost to the city.

In many ways we’re more affected by people from the rest of Auckland coming into “our” (for want of a better word) suburbs every day and choking up our local streets than we are by the use of some of those other forms of transport ourselves.

I suggest you go down to Britomart and take the train out to Sylvia Park this Christmas if you want a demonstration of just how pleasant it can be to choose an alternative mode when so many other people are trying to drive somewhere. It’s fantastic. This is why we need to invest in a bunch of different modes that don’t interfere with each other. Traffic congestion doesn’t affect trains, and it’ll be just the same with grade separated light rail.

Even if purely out of self-interest rather than the more desirable altruism it’s still in our best interests to make sure the rest of Auckland can get around easily without having to resort to driving for every journey. After all not many of us are going to end up with a train parked across our driveway, but many of us have had people park for free on our residential Waitematā sidestreets and heading off to work, haven’t we?

In cities, for most people, for most trips, and certainly for getting to work every day, cars are the past, not the future.

 


NB. I used the word “our” several times but it’s not quite what I mean. We don’t really own the space on the street in front of our house. That’s communal. It’s for other people to use if they need. But it’s better for us if fewer people need space so that when we have friends and family visit they can do so.

Light rail, Auckland’s future

A quick note: My thinking on light rail is heavily informed by Auckland Transport‘s published investigations and reports, and also by following Transport Blog‘s many discussions of the subject over years. I’m also a believer in some of the promises of the Congestion Free Network, but their ideas lean more on buses and less on light rail than I’d prefer.

The image above is one of Auckland Transport’s proposed future transport network maps for 2045, the four spurs down through the central isthmus (to Owairaka, Mount Roskill, Three Kings, and Onehunga) and one line across the harbour to Akoranga are light rail lines.

Here’s the Congestion Free Network proposal for 2030:
Auckland Congestion Free Network Proposal

You can see they also plan for a new Light rail line, though this is on a different time scale from Auckland transports proposal above, so they only have a single light rail line, this one going from Queen St, down Dominion Rd through Balmoral and terminating at Mount Roskill, where it would join up with the Southern Line rail line.

These are both fine ideas, and very important long term plans, but my addition is that we also put in a tram line essentially replacing the current Inner Link route.

Link Bus Route Map

This would provide us with a light rail link fed from Britomart at the bottom of town, through Three Lamps, along Ponsonby Rd, and along K Rd, where we could allow transfers to the rail network via the new City Rail Link station, then continue past the hospital, through Newmarket, past the museum and down through Parnell back to Britomart. The only major stops it doesn’t go directly past Auckland University or AUT, so perhaps some slight deviation could be made.

Now yes we do of course already have a bus running this route, but these roads will become ever more congested over coming decades and trams/light rail have higher throughput than buses, they’re simply more efficient, so I feel like this would be a really fantastic journey that would be taken by thousands every day, what do you think?

 

 


A few more notes: There is a large and important distinction to be made between trams and light rail, trams are at street level and share space with other road users, light rail can look quite similar but has its own space – either a  dedicated right of way, or preferably physical/grade separation from other traffic.

This means light rail can move much faster than surrounding traffic and isn’t bound by congestion in other transport modes. Separate light rail has three times the maximum capacity of a dedicated Busway, at 18,000 passengers per hour – which is to say that you’d have to put in three northern express busways to match the throughput of a light rail pair, even though light rail could be installed in the same space taken up by the busway.

It’s really efficient. This means you can get more people where they want to go, on time, and in comfort. And by design it can be very safe for other road users (naturally great care needs to be taken in how you design any intersections where other traffic crosses over the lines).

If you’ve only ridden the Wynyard Quarter or Motat trams then please know light rail is nothing like those. They’re historical artifacts and would be a cramped, pokey, and slow way to get around. I can’t even fit my knees in the seats and I’m only 6 foot tall. No one advocating for light rail is advocating for that kind of tram to be used for anything other than a curiosity for tourists.

I’ve used modern light rail in Japan, Belgium, and Australia. It is fantastic, it’s very fast and very comfortable. In some respects it isn’t all that different from from taking a modern train, except that it costs a lot less to install the infrastructure.

Trams, Auckland’s past

There are no two ways about it, Auckland was a public transport city.

People have always driven of course, but the way many people got around was on the electrified tram network that our forebears built and enjoyed from 1884 (beginning with horse drawn trams, and with electric trams introduced in 1902) right up until 1956.

Now you have to be pretty old to really remember the tram network, and I’m about 20 or 30 years too young to have seen it in operation, though I do remember some bits of line were still visible when I was a child in the 1970s and 1980s.

But many of us know that there used to be a lot of trams around, perhaps without being able to fully visiualise just how many, then a year or so ago designer Cornelius Blank decided to make a modern metro-style transit map of the network. I think it really drives things home using a design language that many of us find easier to relate to than the more old-fashioned network maps that were previously available.

It breaks my heart to look at that network and imagine how different Auckland would be today.

The lines were everywhere. You could take a tram to Parnell, or Meadowbank, or Ponsonby, or even much further afield to Avondale, Mt Albert, or Onehunga, and there are stories that the trams were so popular and convenient that you’d often be able to see the next tram coming when you were getting on the one already at your stop.

But then in the 1940s and 1950s in a move of vandalism on an epic scale the lines were all closed, then the rails were gradually ripped up or paved over.

Now, to be totally clear about this some of the tram lines were economic failures – there weren’t enough people for them to operate. The Devonport line in particular lived and died over just a couple of years – but it was a horse drawn line in 1880s Devonport, 70 years before the harbour bridge opened up the shore. But other lines, popular, successful lines, were also shuttered and destroyed, with the now nameless bureaucrats claiming that we’d have a more modern transport network if we adopted diesel buses rather than continuing with the clean electric trams.

We now know with the certainty of hindsight what I’m sure many knew back then: this was a preposterous notion and a failure on an historic level.

But it’s a failure that we can start to correct if we wish it. It will take time, but we can do it.

I wish it.

 

Metro-style Auckland Historical Tram network map created by Cornelius Blank, used with permission.